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Connect SQL Server on Linux with SSMS from a Windows machine

January 6, 2017 1 comment

 
In [previous post] we saw how to install & setup SQL Server on Linux. We used PuTTY to connect to the Linux Azure VM and query SQL Server there.

Here in this post we will try to connect to SQL Server on Linux via SSMS from a Windows machine.
 

So to connect remotely to SQL Server on an Azure VM, you have to configure an inbound rule on the network security group. The rule allows traffic on the port on which SQL Server listens (default is 1433).
 

–> Setup Inbound Rule:

1. You need to go to portal.azure.com and login with your credentials. On the Dashboard you will see your Linux VM as shown below:

linux-ubuntu-on-azure-07
 

2. Click on the Linux VM widget, it will open up and list out the Settings, click on Network Interfaces, and select the available Network Interface from the list.

install-sql-on-linux-09
 

3. Now click on the Network Security Group:

install-sql-on-linux-11
 

4. On the Network Security Group page, select the Inbound security rules, and click on the “+” button create new for SQL Server:

install-sql-on-linux-12
 

5. On the Add inbound security rule page, provide a name to this rule, select “MS SQL” under Service drop-down, and click OK:

install-sql-on-linux-13
 

–> Connect using SSMS:

6. Now from any Remote machine or even you PC which has SSMS installed and have internet connection, try connecting the SQL Server Linux Instance:

– Server Name: provide the IP address of the Linux VM (you can get it by opening the “Linux VM widget” and clicking on “Connect” button at top)

– Authentication: should be SQL Server Authentication

– Login: “SA”

– Password: apply the same password that you set it up while Configuring SQL Server on Linux.

install-sql-on-linux-14
 

7. On successful authentication you will see the Object Explorer showing the SQL instance that’s running on a Linux machine. On a glance you can’t make out any difference b/w a Linux SQL instance or a Windows SQL instance.

Thus I executed the SELECT @@version statement which shows the SQL Server version and on which Operating system its running.

You can even see the Database SQLdbOnLinux that we created by connecting from the PuTTY client.

install-sql-on-linux-15
 

That’s it for now, will write more about SQL on Linux on coming updates from Microsoft !!!

–> You can also watch this on YouTube:


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Install and Configure SQL Server 2017 on Linux Azure VM

January 4, 2017 2 comments

 
SQL-Loves-Linux_2_Twitter-002-640x358

 
In my [previous blog] post we saw how to Create a new Linux VM on Azure. After creating it we connected it from a Windows workstation by using PuYYT tool and tested one Unix command.
 

Here in this post we will see how we can install SQL Server on Linux.

Microsoft is working on a new SQL Server vNext version that will work both on Windows as well as Linux. So with the recent [CTP 1.x] release we can see how does it look like on both the Operating Systems and get some hands on with it.
 

–> Get the Repository and Install SQL Server:

1. Import the public repository GPG keys:

curl https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc | sudo apt-key add -

2. Register the Microsoft SQL Server Ubuntu repository:

curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/16.04/mssql-server.list | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mssql-server.list

3. Re-synchronize the Package index files from their sources, to get information of the newest versions of packages and their dependencies, and finally Install MSSQL-Server package:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y mssql-server

After Install it will ask you to run SQL Server setup by following message:

Please run /opt/mssql/bin/sqlservr-setup to complete the setup of Microsoft(R) SQL Server(R)

4. Now post install, we need to configure SQL Server and set the SA password, and SQL services.

sudo /opt/mssql/bin/sqlservr-setup

The Configuration gives following prompts in between:

Please enter a password for the system administrator (SA) account:
Please confirm the password for the system administrator (SA) account:

Setting system administrator (SA) account password…

Do you wish to start the SQL Server service now? [y/n]: y
Do you wish to enable SQL Server to start on boot? [y/n]: y

5. Post Configuration you can verify that the service is running:

systemctl status mssql-server


 

–> Install Tools: This will install the command-line tools (sqlcmd & BCP), Microsoft ODBC drivers, and their dependencies.

6. Re-synchronize the Package index files, and Install MSSQL-Tools:

curl https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc | sudo apt-key add –
curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/16.04/prod.list | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/msprod.list

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mssql-tools unixodbc-dev

sudo ln -sfn /opt/mssql-tools/bin/sqlcmd-13.0.1.0 /usr/bin/sqlcmd
sudo ln -sfn /opt/mssql-tools/bin/bcp-13.0.1.0 /usr/bin/bcp

 

–> Connect to SQL instance:

9. We will use sqlcmd to connect to SQL Server vNext on our Linux VM. Run the sqlcmd command with following params:
– S: Server Name
– U: User Name
– P: Password

sqlcmd -S localhost -U SA -P ”

 

–> Run SQL Queries:

10. Now after connecting to the SQL Linux instance, let’s test come queries:

We will check the Version of SQL Server and list out system Databases:

select @@version
go

select database_id, name, create_date from sys.databases
go

Output of version statement:
Microsoft SQL Server vNext (CTP1.1) – 14.0.100.187 (X64)
Dec 10 2016 02:51:11
Copyright (C) 2016 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
on Linux (Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS)

11. Let’s do more and Create a new Database, new Table and insert some sample records:

CREATE DATABASE SQLdbOnLinux
go

use SQLdbOnLinux
go
--Changed database context to 'SQLdbOnLinux'.
CREATE TABLE Test (i int, name varchar(25))
go
insert into Test values (1, 'Manoj')
insert into Test values (2, 'Saurabh')
go

--(1 rows affected)

--(1 rows affected)
select * from Test
go
--i           name
------------- -------------------------
--          1 Manoj
--          2 Saurabh

--(2 rows affected)

I think you would get amazed like me after using SQL Server on a Linux environment.

In my [next post] I’ll show how we can connect this SQL Linux instance from a Windows workstation via SSMS !!!

–> You can also watch this video on YouTube:


Spinning up a new Linux VM on Microsoft Azure

January 2, 2017 2 comments

 
First of all a very very Happy New Year to all of you !!!
 

This is my first blog post in 2017, and I’ll start with the most happening thing with SQL Server, which is SQL Server for Linux.
 

So today first of all we will see how to setup a Linux VM on Microsoft Azure cloud. And in next posts I’ve show how can we Install & Setup SQL Server on Linux.

I will use Ubuntu Server 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) version from Azure Marketplace, and show how to setup a Linux VM in a step by step process.

All you need is a Microsoft Azure account, if you have not setup, please do it from here.
 

1. Go to portal.azure.com and login with your credentials.

2. Click on the “+” icon, under “Marketplace” select Compute and under “Featured Apps” select Ubuntu Server.

linux-ubuntu-on-azure-01
 

3. The “Deployment Model” must be showing as Resource Manager by default, if not select form the drop-down list, and click on Create button.

linux-ubuntu-on-azure-02
 

4. Now on the Create virtual machine window, under “1. Basic” section provide:
– Name: new name for your Linux VM
– VM disk type: select Disk type, SSD or HDD
– User name: provide a unique user name for Admin purpose
– Authentication type: I selected “Password”
– Password & Confirm password
– Subscription: will show you your current subscription
– Resource Group: Provide a new name or select from the drop-down list
– Location: select location as per your preference and available in the list.
… and click OK.

linux-ubuntu-on-azure-03
 

5. On “2. Size” section Choose a size for your VM. I selected the DS1_v2 Standard, the cheapest one, finally click on Select button.

linux-ubuntu-on-azure-04
 

6. On 3. Settings section check the properties, I’ve left them as default for now, and click OK:

linux-ubuntu-on-azure-05
 

7. On the “4. Summary” section, the Portal will do various validations, just confirm all the settings and click OK.

linux-ubuntu-on-azure-06
 

8. And after few seconds or minutes your new Ubuntu Linux VM will be created and you can check the new widget appearing on your Dashboard as shown below:

linux-ubuntu-on-azure-07
 

9. Now to get the NIC (network Interface Card) or the User Name & IP address of your VM, click on the widget.

It will open a new window where you can check all the details related to your new Linux VM.

Just click the Connect button at the top which will show you the details so that you can connect via SSH or Telnet.

linux-ubuntu-on-azure-08
 

10. Now to connect the Linux VM you can either:

a. SSH directly from a Mac or Linux Terminal workstation.

b. Or, if you are on a Windows workstation, you need to use PuTTY, MobaXTerm or Cygwin to SSH to the Linux Azure VM.

Here, we will try connecting from a Windows workstation, so we will download PuTTY from www.putty.org
 

The downloaded PuTTY is a simple EXE application, just open it. Here we will provide the IP address that we saw above, you can copy and paste it as shown below and click Open:

linux-ubuntu-on-azure-09
 

11. This will open a PuTTY command shell window which will prompt you to enter the Linux username & password that you set in previous steps, please apply as shown below:

linux-ubuntu-on-azure-10
 

12. After you successfully logged in you will see some welcome message from Ubuntu with other details.

Just to make sure I’m really connected to a Linux command shell, I tried executing a Unix command “ls /” to list all the files & directories in the root drive.

linux-ubuntu-on-azure-11
 

So, this is how you can simply Create or Spin up a Linux VM in few minutes !!!
 

In my [next post] I’ll setup or install SQL Server vNext on this Linux VM and show you how can we connect via SSMS from a Windows workstation.

–> You can also watch this on YouTube:


Using some best practices for SQL Server in Azure VM (IaaS) to get MAX performance

June 30, 2016 1 comment

 
I was setting up an environment on Azure Premium Storage (G-Series) server for my Project, and was not getting the performance I was expecting. The comparison was against an existing Database Server setup on an On-Premise VM.

Microsoft Azure Premium Storage delivers high-performance, low-latency disk support for VMs running I/O-intensive workloads. Uses SSD (Solid State Drives) to store your data and Caching capability to provides highest throughput and low latency. You can configure disk caching policy on the Premium Storage disks as ReadOnly, ReadWrite or None, based upon your workloads, and type of data processing.

The highest Premium Storage Disk type, P30 provides you Disk size of 1TB, with 5000 IOPS, which can provide throughput of 200 MBPS.
 

Here are some of the Best Practices [suggested by Microsoft] to ensure that your SQL Server instance is optimized upto its maximum on an Azure Virtual Machine:

1. Use Premium Storage. Standard storage is only recommended for dev/test.

2. Keep the storage account and SQL Server VM in the same region.

3. Format the Data disks, and use NTFS 64-KB allocation unit size for data and log files.

4. Stripe multiple Azure data disks to get MAX IOPS and throughput.

5. Avoid using operating system or temporary disks for database storage or logging.

6. Enable read caching on the disk(s) hosting the data files and TempDB.

7. Do not enable caching on disk(s) hosting the log file.

8. Setup SQL Server tempDB on D: Drive which is a SSD (Solid State Disk) in providing MAX throughput on handling heavier workloads.

9. Enable SQL Server database page compression.

10. Enable instant file initialization for data files, to reduce the time that is required for initial file allocation. Grant the SQL Server (MSSQLSERVER) service account with SE_MANAGE_VOLUME_NAME and add it to the Perform Volume Maintenance Tasks security policy. Database File Initialization.

11. Disable autoshrink and Limit autogrow on the database.

12. Move all databases and error log & trace file directories to data disks, including system databases.

13. Enable the Lock Pages in Memory Option (Windows level). This security setting determines which accounts can use a process to keep data in physical memory, which prevents the system from paging the data to virtual memory on disk. Exercising this privilege could significantly affect system performance by decreasing the amount of available random access memory (RAM).

14. Set MAX SQL Server memory to 64GB.

15. Run a full Index REBUILD (without REORGANISE) and UPDATE STATS with FULL SCAN option on all tables in the database.

16. And last and not the least, tune your Queries. Badly created Queries and Indexes won’t run on highly optimized systems 🙂