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Posts Tagged ‘multiple values to Stored Procedures’

Passing multiple/dynamic values to Stored Procedures & Functions | Part 1 – by passing CSV

September 9, 2012 4 comments

Here in the first Part of this series we will use a CSV string that will contain comma separated list of values and pass as a VARCHAR datatype param variable to the SP. Then inside the SP we will parse this VARCHAR CSV string and use those values in our SQL Queries:

-- As always I will use the AdventureWorks database 🙂
USE [AdventureWorks2012]
GO

-- Create an SP with NVARCHAR(MAX) parameter:
CREATE PROCEDURE uspGetPersonDetailsCSV (
	@persons NVARCHAR(MAX)
)
AS
BEGIN
	--DECLARE @persons NVARCHAR(MAX)
	--SET @persons = 'Charles,Jade,Jim,Luke,Ken'

	SELECT T.C.value('.', 'NVARCHAR(100)') AS [Name]
	INTO #tblPersons
	FROM (SELECT CAST ('<Name>' + REPLACE(@persons, ',', '</Name><Name>') + '</Name>' AS XML) AS [Names]) AS A
	CROSS APPLY Names.nodes('/Name') as T(C)
	
	SELECT BusinessEntityID, Title, FirstName, MiddleName, LastName, ModifiedDate
	FROM [Person].[Person] PER
	WHERE EXISTS (SELECT Name FROM #tblPersons tmp WHERE tmp.Name  = PER.FirstName)
	ORDER BY FirstName, LastName

	DROP TABLE #tblPersons
END
GO

-- No execute this SP by passing a list of values comma separated as a single string:
EXEC uspGetPersonDetailsCSV 'Charles,Jade,Jim,Luke,Ken'
GO
-- Check the output, objective achieved 🙂

-- Final Cleanup
DROP PROCEDURE uspGetPersonDetailsCSV
GO

 

This is the most simplest and common method to pass multiple values to an SP, but not ideal. If there are multiple values with count ranging to thousands, then storing them in VARCHAR will not be possible and parsing them would be a big trade off.
 

So, to perform this operation we have another method by using XML String. Check this in my next [blog post].