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Posts Tagged ‘ORDER BY CASE’

more on – ORDER BY with CASE

April 9, 2011 1 comment

One of my previous post mentions about using CASE construct with ORDER BY clause to tweak the ordering of the result set. That example was a simple one, this post provides more insight on this tip.

Most of us must have experienced this problem at least once when you want to order some of your records in a specific way. Or your boss or client asks this weird request to see some specific records on top. And you are puzzelled, how to do this.

The following example shows how we can get this:

USE [AdventureWorks]
GO

--Simple sort by ORDER BY
SELECT FirstName, LastName
FROM Person.Contact
ORDER BY FirstName

-- ORDER BY with CASE
SELECT FirstName, LastName
FROM Person.Contact
ORDER BY CASE LastName
			WHEN 'Wright'  THEN '0'
			WHEN 'Jenkins' THEN '1'
			WHEN 'Torres'  THEN '2'
			WHEN 'Sanchez' THEN '3'
			ELSE LastName
	END

-- Multiple column sort with ORDER BY with CASE
SELECT FirstName, LastName
FROM Person.Contact
ORDER BY CASE LastName
			WHEN 'Wright'  THEN '0'
			WHEN 'Jenkins' THEN '1'
			WHEN 'Torres'  THEN '2'
			WHEN 'Sanchez' THEN '3'
			ELSE LastName
	END, FirstName
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Categories: SQL Tips Tags: ,

Using ORDER BY with CASE in SQL Queries

February 22, 2011 2 comments

ORDER BY clause orders the result set of a SQL query for a particular or specific set of columns provided in ORDER BY clause.

Ever wonder to tweak that order. Lets take a scenario when you fill out an online form. When you reach at Country dropdown you get lots of County names to select. But if your Country is not listed there, there an “Other” option and that too at the bottom. Why it is not ordered with other Country names alphabetically? How come it reached that bottom? Lets see how can we get that resultset by using ORDER BY CASE.

-- Create a Country table
CREATE TABLE Country (ID INT IDENTITY(1,1), cname VARCHAR(50))

-- Insert dummy data
INSERT INTO Country
SELECT 'Afghanistan'
UNION
SELECT 'Australia'
UNION
SELECT 'France'
UNION
SELECT 'Oman'
UNION
SELECT 'United States'
UNION
SELECT 'Singapore'
UNION
SELECT 'Other'

-- SELECT with plain ORDER BY
SELECT * FROM Country
ORDER BY cname
ID	cname
1	Afghanistan
2	Australia
3	France
4	Oman
5	Other
6	Singapore
7	United States

Here you will see the "Other" option just below "Oman". It should not be here, 
because it is not a Country name and the user should should see this 
option at the bottom.
-- SELECT with ORDER BY CASE
SELECT * FROM Country
ORDER BY CASE WHEN cname='other' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END
ID	cname
1	Afghanistan
2	Australia
3	France
4	Oman
6	Singapore
7	United States
5	Other

Applying ORDER BY clause with CASE tweaks the "Other" option and places it at the 
bottom. Other than Country this logic can be applied for other things like, 
University Name, City, State, etc.
-- Final Cleanup
DROP TABLE Country
Categories: SQL Tips Tags: ,