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Difference between Temporary Table and Table Variable, which one is better in performance? – MSDN TSQL forum

September 15, 2014 Leave a comment

–> Question:

Anyone could you explain What is difference between Temp Table (#, ##) and Table Variable (DECLARE @V TABLE (EMP_ID INT)) ?

Which one is recommended to use for better performance?

Also is it possible to create CLUSTER and NONCLUSTER Index on Table Variables?

In my case: 1-2 days transnational data are more than 3-4 Millions. I tried using both # and table variable and found table variable is faster.

Is that Table variable using Memory or Disk space?
 

–> My Answer:

Check this link to see differences b/w Temp Table & Table Variable.

TempTables & TableVariables both use memory & tempDB in similar manner, check this blog post.

Performance wise if you are dealing with millions of records then Temp Table is ideal, as you can create explicit indexes on top of them. But if there are less records then Table Variables are good suited.

On Tables Variable explicit index are not allowed, if you define a PK column, then a Clustered Index will be created automatically.
 

Ref Link.